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Scope and Sequence

Our Scope and Sequence illustrates how HPW covers each major health concept in a comprehensive, spiraling and sequencial manner. To view how HPW addresses each subject matter click on the headings below.

Personal and Mental Health
Kindergarten
  • Recognize each child as a valued member of the class.
  • Demonstrate acceptable methods of gaining attention.
  • Make a connection between physical, emotional and social health.
  • Recognize personal responsibility for promoting healthy growth.
  • Identify and share feelings in appropriate ways.
  • Avoid self-destructive behaviors and practice self-control.
  • Demonstrate acceptable actions towards others.
  • Know and use appropriate ways to make new friends.
  • Grade 1
  • Discuss how personal health behaviors affect well-being.
  • Understand the importance of a healthy mind and body.
  • Demonstrate ways to communicate respect for self and others.
  • Demonstrate healthy ways to express needs, wants, and feelings.
  • Share positive personal qualities with family members.
  • Demonstrate acceptable actions towards others.
  • Demonstrate ability to cooperate and share with others.
  • Identify and practice unique ways to express emotions appropriately.
  • Avoid self-destructive behaviors and practice self-control.
  • Demonstrate effective coping skills for dealing with loss.
  • Grade 2
  • Identify common health problems of children and possible ways to prevent these problems.
  • Identify positive health behaviors that help reduce the risk of disease.
  • Understand and follow classroom rules.
  • Demonstrate personal characteristics that contribute to self-control and self-esteem.
  • Know various ways of communicating care and consideration of others.
  • Develop protective factors that help to foster resiliency.
  • Recognize they are worthy and capable of love.
  • Recognize how to use positive communication skills when expressing needs, wants, and feelings.
  • Identify and share feelings in appropriate ways.
  • Define goal and understand the importance of setting goals.
  • Practice setting goals by creating wellness projects.
  • Grade 3
  • Define health and assess behaviors that enhance health and well-being.
  • Demonstrate positive practices within the school.
  • Recognize that each individual is unique and special.
  • Build self-confidence and promote self-esteem.
  • Develop and carry out a plan to improve personal health.
  • Grade 4
  • Identify the indicators of physical, mental, emotional, and social health.
  • Know the indicators of emotional and mental health during childhood.
  • Recognize and share special qualities and personal talents.
  • Share unique personal qualities and attributes with family members.
  • Appreciate positive personal qualities in self and others.
  • Know various ways to communicate care, consideration and acceptance of self and others.
  • Illustrate the importance of setting personal goals, and recognize the commitment and hard work that is necessary to achieve personal goals.
  • Grade 5
  • Identify the most common health problems of young people.
  • Know how personal health behaviors influence individual well-being.
  • Illustrate the importance of feeling loved and being worthy of love.
  • Identify and strengthen personal values and recognize the important role values play in decision-making.
  • Appreciate their personal qualities and uniqueness.
  • Demonstrate ways to show respect for others in their daily lives.
  • Identify health as a value and assess personal health behaviors.
  • Appreciate the role of personal responsibility in individual health.
  • Set a realistic, health-related, short-term goal.
  • Grade 6
  • Know how physical, mental, emotional, and social aspects of health interrelate during adolescence.
  • Know strategies for improving and maintaining personal health.
  • Understand the role of self-concept and self-esteem in promoting wellness.
  • Understand emotional and social health risks caused by prejudice in the community.
  • Identify sources of reliable health information and services.
  • Focus on promoting a healthy future by practicing goal-setting skills.
  • Develop a focus on the future, and identify personal goals.
  • Practice goal-setting, and pursue positive health experiences that match student interests and abilities.
  • Grade 7
  • Demonstrate acceptable means of gaining attention.
  • Identify and practice strategies for improving and maintaining personal health.
  • Identify factors influencing healthy growth and development.
  • Appreciate the interconnection between all components of health and assess personal wellness.
  • Recognize internal and external influences on physical, intellectual, emotional, and social wellness.
  • Develop protective factors that foster resiliency.
  • Practice goal setting skills aimed at improving personal health.
  • Grade 8
  • Appreciate the importance of good health and demonstrate personal responsibility in maintaining and promoting health.
  • Demonstrate personal characteristics that contribute to self-confidence and self-esteem.
  • Identify persona, events, and values which promote a healthy self-image.
  • Develop a healthy focus on the future and practice goal-setting skills.
  • Assess personal health behaviors and set specific health-related goals.
  • Develop and implement a personal health goal.
  • High School
  • Analyze the wide range of issues which impact health and well-being.
  • Identify and assess various components of wellness.
  • Develop protective factors that promote resiliency.
  • Appreciate the strong role of family, peers and other trusted adults in promoting personal wellness.
  • Demonstrate the ability to effectively use support systems.
  • Appreciate the impact of emotional health on total wellness.
  • Assess and strengthen personal values.
  • Identify, accept and express emotions appropriately.
  • Analyze the impact of self-esteem on health.
  • Critically analyze personal levels of self-esteem.
  • Practice building self-esteem skills.
  • Demonstrate the ability to value and promote personal wellness.
  • Family Life
    Kindergarten
  • Define family and foster positive feelings about families.
  • Illustrate a wide variety of family structures with love and support as the core.
  • Promote family pride.
  • Illustrate the importance of accepting responsibility for ones actions.
  • Demonstrate behaviors which promote healthy family relationships.
  • Practice skills which demonstrate being kind and considerate of others.
  • Identify and discuss family responsibilities.
  • Recognize and appreciate the many differences among children throughout the world.
  • Practice accepting and respecting others.
  • Practice a positive view of differences and accepting diversity with family members.
  • Recognize situations and actions that lead to conflict and discuss effective ways to resolve problems.
  • Practice resolving conflicts in non-violent ways.
  • Grade 1
  • Demonstrate ways children can help share family and school responsibilities.
  • Illustrate the importance of being part of a family.
  • Demonstrate the special roles and responsibilities of each family member.
  • Demonstrate ways that children can help share family responsibilities.
  • Identify and follow family rules and responsibilities.
  • Explore family heritage and enhance family pride through the use of a family tree.
  • Identify important adult family members and explain how they provide love and support.
  • Share family traditions and enhance family pride.
  • Identify the importance of solving problems before they become fights.
  • Identify and practice conflict resolution skills.
  • Practice positive actions towards family and friends.
  • Illustrate the importance of sharing our many differences and learning from one another’s differences.
  • Learn and use appropriate ways to make new friends.
  • Grade 2
  • Demonstrate family pride.
  • Recognize that individuals have different cultural backgrounds that influence health practices.
  • Understand the various roles and responsibilities of family members for health promotion, disease prevention.
  • Explore various roles and responsibilities of family members.
  • Recognize the importance of friendships.
  • Identify various ways of communication care and consideration of others.
  • Identify important qualities of friends.
  • Know the skills needed to be a good friend.
  • Practice making new friends.
  • Define problem and list some common problems of second graders.
  • Recognize problematic situations and identify resources for dealing with problems.
  • Resolve conflicts in a positive, constructive way.
  • Communicate feelings about death and loss.
  • Grade 3
  • Support and value all family members.
  • Demonstrate ways to help support positive family interactions.
  • Illustrate unique family heritages.
  • Identify feelings related to change within the family.
  • Identify and appreciate the love and support of family members.
  • Know ways to effectively express feelings and opinions on health issues.
  • Know the skills needed to be a responsible friend.
  • Recognize important qualities of a true friend.
  • Demonstrate effective communication skills.
  • Demonstrate acceptable actions towards others.
  • Know various ways individuals and groups can work together.
  • Practice giving constructive criticism.
  • Identify a wide variety of emotions and demonstrate the ability to express emotions in acceptable ways.
  • Develop and use effective coping strategies.
  • Know appropriate sources of information for making health-related decisions.
  • Grade 4
  • Illustrate the importance of healthy relationships, including families and friendships.
  • Understand how families influence personal health behaviors.
  • Share personal strengths which individuals bring to their relationships, and discuss important qualities for building - strong families.
  • Understand the relationship between verbal and nonverbal communication.
  • Know the skills needed to be a responsible friend and family member.
  • Demonstrate polite, positive, and productive ways of communicating with family members.
  • Know nonviolent, positive behaviors for resolving conflict.
  • Illustrate the importance of healthy relationships, including family relationships and friendships.
  • Identify important qualities of friendship, and practice making new friends.
  • Demonstrate the skills needed to be a responsible friend.
  • Share friendship skills with parents and other family members.
  • Share positive family moments and create opportunities for enriching experiences with family members.
  • Grade 5
  • Identify characteristics of different groups and appreciate the importance of belonging to a group.
  • Understand how families influence personal health.
  • Identify special family events treasured as traditions.
  • Identify changing roles and responsibilities in the family.
  • Exhibit attentive listening skills.
  • Demonstrate skills for dealing with family change.
  • Illustrate the powerful bond between two friends.
  • Identify important qualities to look for in friends.
  • Demonstrate communication skills for making new friends.
  • Grade 6
  • Promote family pride, and foster strong bonds between family members.
  • Explore different roles and responsibilities of family members, and support and value the contributions of all family members.
  • Develop skills and identify resources that are helpful for dealing with change and family diversity.
  • Identify and appreciate quality relationships with family members and other loved ones.
  • Promote positive family interactions.
  • Explore different methods of communicating.
  • Identify effective methods of communicating, and learn about personal communication styles.
  • Develop and use effective communication skills.
  • Practice expressing emotions and feelings in appropriate ways.
  • Reinforce effective communication skills at home.
  • Grade 7
  • Explore family heritage.
  • Support and value the contributions of all family members.
  • Learn ways to work cooperatively with others to advocate for healthy individuals and families.
  • Identify important factors which contribute to strong and healthy interpersonal relationships.
  • Demonstrate ways to support healthy family interactions.
  • Illustrate the power and importance of communication.
  • Develop and practice effective communication and interpersonal skills.
  • Practice expressing emotions in appropriate ways.
  • Identify parents and other trusted adults as resources for managing strong emotions.
  • Practice assertive communication.
  • Focus on a healthy future by exploring personal goals.
  • Practice applying goal-setting skills.
  • Grade 8
  • Appreciate the important role families play in overall health.
  • Recognize that roles and responsibilities change and increase with age.
  • Practice health-promoting behaviors within the family.
  • Identify changes in relationships with parents and analyze the reasons for these changes.
  • Recognize the relationship between identifying and expressing emotions, and good communication.
  • Distinguish between behaviors which enhance or block effective communication.
  • High School
  • Demonstrate pride in their families.
  • Identify and foster health-promoting behavior among family members.
  • Illustrate and practice effective communication among family members.
  • Demonstrate skills necessary for dealing with change within the family.
  • Successfully adapt to their changing roles from adolescence to adulthood.
  • Critically analyze the impact of the changing family on society.
  • Demonstrate the ability to effectively interact with many different people, including males and females, and people of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds.
  • Learn about another culture in depth.
  • Identify common sources of adolescent conflict.
  • Identify and analyze common methods used to resolve conflict.
  • Demonstrate students' ability to resolve conflicts peacefully.
  • Stress Management
    Grade 4
  • Define stress and recognize different stresses and their causes.
  • Define new vocabulary terms related to stress and stress management.
  • Learn effective ways of coping with stress from parents and other family members.
  • Identify different types of personal loss, and discuss effective ways of coping with the death of a loved one.
  • Share strategies for coping with personal loss with family members.
  • Practice building healthy and trusting relationships.
  • Recognize and reduce common causes of conflict.
  • Recognize the benefits of resolving conflict in a nonviolent way.
  • Practice resolving conflicts using peaceful methods.
  • Share important conflict resolution skills at home.
  • Grade 5
  • Assess current knowledge of stress and conflict resolution.
  • Identify common stressors among young people.
  • Review basic stress management concepts.
  • Illustrate the role of conflict in stress and identify common conflicts among young people.
  • Illustrate the role of prejudice in conflict and stress.
  • Identify bullying behavior and learn how to effectively deal with bullies.
  • Distinguish normal stress from traumatic stress.
  • Initiate dialogue between parents and students about common conflicts, such as prejudice and bullying.
  • Illustrate the difficulties of coping with loss.
  • Discuss loss with their children and discuss the many feelings experienced after loss.
  • Illustrate the importance of developing strong conflict resolution skills.
  • Practice conflict resolution skills.
  • Illustrate social problems which often lead to conflict and discrimination.
  • Grade 6
  • Define stress and recognize common reactions to stress.
  • Identify common causes of stress, and recognize personal patterns for handling stress, particularly among young adolescents.
  • Recognize physical and emotional consequences of prolonged stress, including feelings of isolation, depression and anxiety.
  • Differentiate between normal stress and traumatic or major stress.
  • Develop skills for dealing with feelings of sadness, depression, isolation, and to practice expressing these emotions appropriately.
  • Recognize effective methods of coping with a variety of stressful or challenging situations.
  • Recognize the challenges facing people with disabilities and other adversities, and develop strategies for assisting and including people with these challenges.
  • Develop and practice effective coping strategies, including methods to handle strong feelings, such as isolation, inadequacy, and depression.
  • Practice effective stress management techniques, including relaxation exercises, physical activity, and time management.
  • Recognize common causes of conflict among adolescents.
  • Develop strategies for identifying potential conflicts and preventing situations that escalate into violence.
  • Demonstrate skills for resolving conflict in peaceful and productive ways.
  • Grade 7
  • Identify common adolescent stressors and how the body responds to stress.
  • Review basic concepts related to stress and conflict.
  • Recognize events that cause stress in different people.
  • Identify stressors common among young people in contrast to common stressors among adults.
  • Appreciate a wide variety of circumstances causing stress and the resulting personal responses.
  • Identify and practice methods of managing stress.
  • Define conflict and recognize conflict as a major cause of stress.
  • Recognize the most common ways people respond to conflict and identify the most successful method.
  • Identify and practice safe, effective measures for resolving conflict.
  • Distinguish between normal and severs depression, and recognize that some levels of depression are normal.
  • Identify the warning signs of depression.
  • Recognize the warning signs of suicide and learn how to get help for someone who is potentially suicidal.
  • Grade 8
  • Identify the physiological changes associated with stress and its impact on health.
  • Assess how well students recognize personal stress and their reactions to stress.
  • Recognize common adolescent stressors and appreciate that they are not alone in their experiences with stress.
  • Practice identifying personal symptoms of stress and related causes.
  • Distinguish between effective and ineffective stress management techniques.
  • Demonstrate students’ ability to manage stress using the decision-making model.
  • Identify and practice effective coping skills for managing stress.
  • Demonstrate skills for cultivating positive peer relationships.
  • High School
  • Assess students' current knowledge about stress and stress management.
  • Analyze the physiological response to stress.
  • Recognize the adverse health effects of poorly managed stress.
  • Identify common illnesses associated with long-term stress.
  • Appreciate the wide range of stressors affecting young people.
  • Identify personal stressors and learn how to identify the symptoms associated with stress.
  • Distinguish between effective and ineffective reactions to stress.
  • Contrast effective and ineffective methods of managing stress.
  • Develop the necessary skills for effectively managing stress.
  • Demonstrate their skills for successfully managing stress.
  • Distinguish between normal and abnormal depression.
  • Recognize the risk factors and warning signs of suicide.
  • Recognize the warning signs of suicide and develop the skills necessary for preventing suicide.
  • Safety and Injury Prevention
    Kindergarten
  • Identify safety rules to follow on the way to school, inside the school, and on the playground.
  • Recognize common street safety signs, and learn about safe street behavior.
  • Review important water safety skills in and around water.
  • Practice important safety concepts at home.
  • Identify and recognize basic emergency situations.
  • Identify vital information necessary in an emergency situation.
  • Practice being prepared for a disaster.
  • Practice appropriate behaviors in an emergency situation.
  • Appreciate the danger of fires, and learn important basic fire safety skills.
  • Practice fire prevention skills, such as stop, drop, and roll.
  • Identify and avoid hitting, and other hurtful behavior.
  • Differentiate between good and bad touch, and recognize ways of avoiding and preventing hurtful touch.
  • Share personal safety skills with parents.
  • Grade 1
  • Assess baseline knowledge of basic safety concepts.
  • Review basic safety concepts important for staying safe.
  • Identify and practice neighborhood safety concepts.
  • Recognize and promote safe cycling behaviors.
  • Identify important water safety skills.
  • Recognize and avoid dangerous outdoor situations.
  • Identify important school and bus safety concepts at home.
  • Identify and practice fire safety rules.
  • Share fire and earthquake safety rules, and be prepared for these emergencies in the home.
  • Recognize the importance of personal privacy, and distinguish between good and bad touch.
  • Develop and use communication skills to tell others when touching is unwanted.
  • Grade 2
  • Demonstrate safe behavior in and around motor vehicles.
  • Review water safety rules and identify safe behaviors when in and around water.
  • Recognize emergencies and respond appropriately.
  • Identify potentially dangerous and abusive situations.
  • Practice communication skills, including refusal and assertiveness skills, when touching is unwanted.
  • Grade 3
  • Practice fire and earthquake drills.
  • Understand how families influence personal health.
  • Identify and reduce safety risks both indoors and out.
  • Obey school safety rules and promote a healthy school environment.
  • Improve safety in their neighborhoods.
  • Recognize the dangers of weapons to self and others.
  • Interact safely with strangers.
  • Know strategies for avoiding threatening or abusive situations.
  • Know how to locate resources from home that provide valid health information.
  • Grade 4
  • Know and practice basic techniques for medical emergencies.
  • Recognize and practice responding to emergency situations.
  • Create and review a family plan for dealing with emergencies.
  • Appreciate the importance of bicycle and road safety.
  • Practice important bicycle and vehicle safety skills, including rules of the road.
  • Practice safe and responsible behavior.
  • Practice bike and vehicle safety skills at home.
  • Illustrate the potential dangers associated with water, and recognize the importance of water safety.
  • Recognize potential hazards in and around water, and to practice proper water safety.
  • Share important water safety tips with family members.
  • Assume responsibility for safety issues, and set new personal safety goals.
  • Grade 5
  • Recognize common emergencies requiring basic first aid and the treatment for these emergencies.
  • Practice first aid measures in common emergencies, including the Heimlich maneuver.
  • Introduce parents to the Safety and Injury Prevention component and review home safety skills.
  • Introduce the topic of sexual assault and address questions related to sexual assault.
  • Distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate touch and develop the skills for avoiding personal harm.
  • Recognize the number of people killed each year by firearms, and identify safety rules for guns and other weapons.
  • Identify current school safety policies and assess how well they are enforced.
  • Identify a safety issue that needs to be addressed in the school.
  • Assess gains in health knowledge and skills related to Safety and Injury Prevention.
  • Grade 6
  • Identify safety hazards in and around the school, and develop skills for avoiding and preventing potentially dangerous situations.
  • Recognize safety hazards in and around the home, and promote behaviors and attitudes that promote the safety of family members.
  • Recognize and follow rules aimed at protecting health, and help develop and strengthen health-related policies in and around the school.
  • Identify solutions to youth and school violence.
  • Recognize and avoid situations that can increase the risk for abuse, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse.
  • Heighten student awareness of personal boundaries.
  • Develop and practice appropriate skills for avoiding and preventing dangerous situations.
  • Assess current understanding of basic first aid principles.
  • Use critical thinking and decision-making skills to manage potentially dangerous situations, including emergencies requiring basic first aid.
  • Practice safe behavior, avoid potentially dangerous situations, and demonstrate first aid and safety knowledge and skills.
  • Practice and promote basic first aid and safety skills at home.
  • Grade 7
  • Define violence and identify violence as a serious problem in the United States.
  • Identify the many different forms of violence and the various ways youth are exposed to violence.
  • Recognize how messages from the media and other sources influence behavior and perception of violence.
  • Accept anger as a natural emotion and learn to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy ways of dealing with anger.
  • Recognize the role of prejudice and discrimination in violence.
  • Identify common triggers to anger, and learn how to manage these triggers.
  • Recognize the dangers of handguns and learn handgun violence prevention methods.
  • Recognize and avoid situations that can increase the risk of abuse.
  • Identify basic procedures that can reduce the risk of accidents.
  • Recognize emergencies and respond appropriately.
  • Grade 8
  • Recognize the prevalence of violence within our society.
  • Recognize the relationship between real and media violence and analyze the impact of media violence on behavior.
  • Recognize prejudice and discrimination as major factors contributing to violence.
  • Identify and practice ways of accepting diversity.
  • Illustrate common causes of conflict.
  • Appreciate the impact of all forms of violence on the individual, family, and society.
  • Practice avoiding and resolving conflicts using effective communication skills.
  • Identify the most common unintentional injuries among adolescents and recognize that these injuries are preventable.
  • Practice violence prevention skills related to anger, sexual assault, and weapon safety.
  • Promote safe behaviors at home and outdoors, and avoid situations and behaviors that lead to negative outcomes.
  • Practice safety skills related to unintentional injuries.
  • Recognize community and environmental factors that influence the health and safety of individuals and communities.
  • Promote positive health practices within the school.
  • Assess current baseline knowledge of basic first aid principles.
  • Recognize basic life support concepts, and review effective ways of managing an obstructed airway.
  • Demonstrate effective skills for managing common emergency situations, including burns, bleeding injuries, and shock.
  • High School
  • Recognize the many forms of violence and the prevalence of each form.
  • Review various forms of violence and appreciate the role of feelings, such as anger, in violence.
  • Assess methods of dealing with conflict and handling emotions felt during conflict.
  • Recognize all forms of sexual abuse as violent acts which constitute criminal behavior.
  • Analyze the various influences impacting violent behavior.
  • Appreciate the consequences of violence and recognize anger and other feelings which lead to violence.
  • Identify potentially dangerous situations, and practice effective skills for preventing sexual harassment and assault.
  • Demonstrate important social skills effectively dealing with conflict and violence prevention.
  • Assess current understanding of common first aid measures.
  • Identify principles of basic life support, including abdominal thrusts for choking.
  • Define cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and identify common emergencies requiring CPR.
  • Demonstrate emergency skills in managing common emergencies.
  • Nutrition and Fitness
    Kindergarten
  • Identify healthy foods in different ways.
  • Practice choosing balance and variety.
  • Define nutrition and recognize the importance of choosing healthy foods.
  • Discuss why exercise is important and identify healthy forms of exercise.
  • Identify and practice exercises that children can participate in and enjoy.
  • Promote physical activity at home.
  • Learn about different foods and spices while experimenting with different ingredients.
  • Demonstrate proper hygiene and sanitation when handling and preparing foods.
  • Practice planning and preparing a healthy snack.
  • Demonstrate food and fitness skills with their families, and enjoy preparing a healthy snack together.
  • Grade 1
  • Illustrate the effects that nutrition and exercise choices have on ones health.
  • Demonstrate different ways of caring for their bodies, including eating nutritious foods, exercising, and getting plenty of rest.
  • Chart nutrition and fitness behaviors at home.
  • Identify various sources of food and understand the importance of eating a variety of foods.
  • Identify healthy foods that provide sufficient energy for work and play.
  • Identify food combinations that provide balance and variety.
  • Practice making healthy food choices at home.
  • Introduce the MyPlate.
  • Practice using 'MyPlate' to plan healthy meals.
  • Participate in enjoyable and energizing fitness activities based on the President's Council on Fitness guidelines.
  • Promote physical fitness and family recreation at home.
  • Grade 2
  • Identify the food groups and understand the concepts of serving size and recommended number of servings.
  • Identify individual number of servings from 'MyPlate' for maintaining a well-balanced diet.
  • Review basic fitness concepts and participate regularly in active play while observing safety rules.
  • Explore the various sources of foods.
  • Discuss various influences on food choices.
  • Prepare a variety of foods safely.
  • Appreciate how senses influence food choices.
  • Identify reliable sources of information for making healthy food choices.
  • Identify major structures of the circulatory system and how it works.
  • Distinguish between healthy and unhealthy choices for maintaining a healthy heart.
  • Practice heart-healthy exercise habits at home.
  • Practice skills for making healthy food and exercise choices.
  • Grade 3
  • Understand the principles of making healthy food choices.
  • Identify the food groups and determine their recommended number of servings for each.
  • Identify a variety of foods from different parts of the plant.
  • Understand the role of culture and age on food preferences.
  • Participate regularly in active play and enjoyable physical activities.
  • Explore out-of-school activities that promote fitness and health.
  • Illustrate the impact of outside influences on nutrition and fitness choices.
  • Know the criteria for selecting health resources, products and services.
  • Grade 4
  • Illustrate the principles of healthy eating with MyPlate.
  • Identify the major nutrients and recognize the importance of each nutrient.
  • Explore influences affecting nutrition and fitness choices at home.
  • Illustrate the importance of eating a wide variety of nutritious foods.
  • Successfully interpret important nutrition information on food labels.
  • Know the criteria for selecting healthy food servings.
  • Assess personal diets for variety and nutrient content.
  • Explore family traditions and share cultural heritage through the exchange of family recipes.
  • Know how the media influence the selection of health information, products, and services.
  • Recognize and practice safe and sanitary food preparation and handling.
  • Distinguish between healthy and unhealthy snacks.
  • Develop a plan for improving personal fitness.
  • Reinforce important fitness concepts and skills at home.
  • Continue learning about the importance of making healthy food and fitness choices at home.
  • Grade 5
  • Assess baseline knowledge of nutrition and fitness, including the digestive system.
  • Identify important nutrition and fitness concepts.
  • Recognize the Dietary Guidelines and the principles of 'MyPlate.'
  • Identify the nutrient requirements for a balanced diet.
  • Recognize the consequences of poor nutrition.
  • Increase the number of nutritious foods from each food group.
  • Expand the variety of nutritious foods in the diet.
  • Demonstrate ability to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy nutrition and fitness choices.
  • Practice making healthy nutrition and fitness choices.
  • Identify and choose foods low in fat and cholesterol.
  • Identify how and where to obtain reliable information and practice making effective consumer choices.
  • Recognize foods high in sugar, unhealthy fats and cholesterol, and choose healthy replacements.
  • Identify the important role of physical activity in maintaining health.
  • Identify flexibility and toning as important components of fitness.
  • Recognize the role of physical fitness in maintaining health and adding vigorous activity to weekly routines.
  • Grade 6
  • Review basic nutrition and fitness concepts, and recognize the importance of healthy eating and exercise.
  • Review essential nutrition and fitness concepts, including nutrient content, variety and balance, healthy meal planning and the importance of regular exercise.
  • Recognize the importance of establishing and maintaining healthy eating practices and regular physical activity.
  • Know how priorities, changing abilities, and responsibilities influence setting health goals.
  • Appreciate the various influences on nutrition and fitness choices and the consequences of choices.
  • Appreciate the wide range of health benefits associated with physical activity.
  • Assess personal exercise patterns.
  • Develop and initiate a personal fitness plan that includes setting goals and monitoring personal progress.
  • Practice making healthy food and fitness selections that promote personal health.
  • Analyze the impact of marketing and advertising techniques on food and fitness choices.
  • Use valid nutrition information to make healthy food selections and demonstrate gains in knowledge and skills related to nutrition and fitness.
  • Grade 7
  • Identify the major nutrients, and understand the functions of these nutrients.
  • Analyze valid nutrition information, including food labels, to compare the contents of food products.
  • Differentiate between healthy and unhealthy food selections, including foods high in nutrient content and low in fat.
  • Practice making healthy choices, including healthy snacks, and adapting recipes to make them healthier nutrition selections.
  • Analyze and apply valid nutrition information to make healthy food selections.
  • Recognize the benefits of physical activity and identify physical activities that promote overall fitness and personal health.
  • Identify important principles of fitness, and explore ways to participate in a variety of physical activities designed to improve health.
  • Promote physical fitness, including heart-healthy exercises, and to recognize and follow safety precautions when participating in physical activity.
  • Analyze marketing and advertising techniques and their influences.
  • Analyze weight modification practices and identify appropriate ways to lose, gain, or maintain weight based on individual need and scientific research.
  • Develop and implement a nutrition and fitness plan that includes setting personal goals and monitoring progress toward meeting those goals.
  • Grade 8
  • Take a personal inventory of nutrition and fitness behaviors.
  • Review essential nutrition concepts, including the new Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
  • Analyze nutritional value of food choices in a variety of settings.
  • Assess personal attitudes about the importance of physical activity in promoting and maintaining health.
  • Review guidelines for personal fitness as outlined by the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.
  • Develop and initiate a personal fitness plan while observing safety rules.
  • Apply valid nutrition and fitness information to make heart-healthy choices.
  • Analyze positive and negative influences on body image, and practice healthful ways to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Assess current knowledge related to eating disorders, and explore internal and external factors which lead to these disorders.
  • Identify various consumer influences and analyze how these influences affect decisions.
  • Use critical thinking skills to analyze marketing and advertising techniques and their influences.
  • Demonstrate effective skills for the selection or rejection of health products and services.
  • High School
  • Assess students' attitudes, behavior, and knowledge of nutrition and fitness.
  • Recognize the many factors which influence food choices.
  • Identify the Dietary Guidelines and analyze the foundation of good nutrition.
  • Analyze students' current diets for variety, and practice ways to increase nutritious foods in diets.
  • Determine the degree of healthy choices they do or do not make by critically analyzing personal choices.
  • Incorporate food safety as an important healthy behavior.
  • Identify and choose a well-balanced diet.
  • Appreciate the dangers of being underweight and identify healthy ways to maintain weight.
  • Review the principles of fitness and to motivate students to incorporate fitness into their daily routines.
  • Identify important factors for effectively purchasing health products and services.
  • Demonstrate the ability to make well-informed consumer-related decisions and purchases.
  • Tobacco, Alcohol and Other Drugs
    Kindergarten
  • Practice distinguishing between medicines and other drugs.
  • Reinforce important drug prevention concepts at home.
  • Recognize the universal poison sign, and identify different poisons.
  • Reinforce the dangers of harmful substances with family members, and identify poisons in the home.
  • Recognize tobacco products and discuss some of the health dangers associated with their use.
  • Identify many ways to stay safe and have fun without using drugs.
  • Grade 1
  • Recognize the difference between medicines and other drugs.
  • Identify the universal poison sign and recognize poisons as dangerous.
  • Practice identifying and avoiding poisons in the home.
  • Illustrate the dangers of tobacco use, particularly on overall health and wellness.
  • Recognize that advertising can have an effect on the choices we make.
  • Recognize the difference between medicines and other drugs.
  • Identify the universal poison sign and recognize poisons as dangerous.
  • Practice identifying and avoiding poisons in the home.
  • Illustrate the dangers of tobacco use, particularly on overall health and wellness.
  • Recognize that advertising can have an effect on the choices we make.
  • Grade 2
  • Demonstrate a basic understanding of drug prevention concepts.
  • Review the major body organs and the basic functions of these organs.
  • Identify the negative impact of harmful drugs on these organs.
  • Distinguish between harmful and helpful drugs.
  • Recognize the harmful effects of tobacco and alcohol.
  • Resist pressures to use harmful drugs.
  • Reinforce resistance and assertiveness skills at home with parents.
  • Review the basic decision making steps and practice using these steps in making good decisions.
  • Grade 3
  • Understand how unreliable sources of information influence personal health choices.
  • Review the definition of medicines and distinguish between medicines and other drugs.
  • Know the characteristics of valid health information, products, and services.
  • Illustrate the importance of having a trusted adult administer medicines.
  • Identify the specific adverse effects of all tobacco products.
  • Improve decision-making skills.
  • Know how to apply the decision making process to health issues and problems.
  • Demonstrate their ability to recognize harmful drugs.
  • Review the health effects of alcohol on the body and mind.
  • Know appropriate resources for making health-related decisions.
  • Practice refusal and resistance skills.
  • Grade 4
  • Recognize the importance of keeping schools and homes free of harmful substances.
  • Define new vocabulary terms related to drug prevention, and to distinguish between harmful and helpful substances.
  • Enhance parent and child dialogue about drugs and drug prevention.
  • Identify the social, emotional, and health consequences of tobacco use, and to appreciate the difficulty of quitting this addictive drug.
  • Practice effective prevention skills.
  • Share tobacco prevention knowledge and skills with family members.
  • Learn about the harmful health effects and social consequences of alcohol abuse.
  • Identify and apply the steps of the decision making process.
  • Demonstrate knowledge gained through research, and identify specific health and social consequences of various illegal and legal drugs.
  • Know why illegal drugs should not be used and the consequences of their use.
  • Practice making healthy choices at home.
  • Know how to locate resources from home, school, and community that provide valid health information.
  • Practice strategies for improving or maintaining personal health.
  • Develop safe and fun alternatives to using harmful drugs.
  • Promote community involvement and responsibility through the development of a drug-free school initiative.
  • Practice prevention skills at home.
  • Grade 5
  • Assess baseline knowledge of drugs and drug concepts.
  • Review the body systems most affected by drugs.
  • Distinguish between legal and illegal drugs and explain why some drugs are illegal.
  • Address questions about specific drugs.v
  • Distinguish between accurate, reliable information and myths.
  • Review the harmful effects of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
  • Research drug-related information for a drug prevention guide which they will be developing.
  • Recognize the far-reaching impact of drug use on the individual, family, and community.
  • Recognize the signs and symptoms of chemical dependency within the home and identify where to go for help.
  • Identify misleading advertisements which encourage drug use.
  • Create a dialog between parents and students about the impact of drug use and dependency on the family.
  • Recognize the importance of assuming personal responsibility for health.
  • Demonstrate skills necessary for improving and maintaining personal health.
  • Present parents the Drug Prevention Guide for Parents, and commit to remaining drug-free.
  • Grade 6
  • Identify and analyze current trends in drug use.
  • Know how to use resources from the home, school, and community that provide valid health information.
  • Know the benefits of positive health practice and the appropriate healthcare measures necessary to prevent accidents, illnesses, and death.
  • Develop a solid foundation of the different classifications of drugs, and the basic characteristics of each drug group.
  • Dispel common tobacco-related myths, and explore attitudes and beliefs related to tobacco use.
  • Recognize the adverse consequences of all forms of tobacco use, and identify tobacco-related temptations and pressures.
  • Dispel common alcohol-related myths, and explore attitudes and beliefs related to alcohol use and abuse.
  • Recognize the dangers of alcohol and other drugs, and identify reliable resources for getting help, including assistance for chemical addiction.
  • Identify high risk situations and activities, and recognize the role that drugs play in these situations.
  • Recognize the adverse consequences of marijuana and other illegal drug use, including legal issues, and impact on social, emotional, and physical health.
  • Develop effective skills for preventing and avoiding marijuana, anabolic steroids, and other illegal drugs.
  • Develop effective communication and interpersonal skills, including refusal, assertiveness, and decision-making skills for avoiding tobacco and other drugs.
  • Recognize the positive health outcomes associated with positive qualities such as respect and responsibility
  • Assume responsibility for developing positive alternatives to drug use.
  • Develop a positive focus on the future which includes a commitment to remain drug-free.
  • Initiate and participate in positive alternative activities to tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use.
  • Grade 7
  • Identify factors that influence drug use among young people.
  • Learn how information from peers and other unreliable sources can influence health.
  • Learn various ways items are classified based upon distinct characteristics and properties.
  • Identify the effects of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use and abuse on physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being.
  • Develop and apply criteria for the selection or rejection of medicines and other health-related products.
  • Differentiate between proper use and abuse of medicines, and to practice skills for interpreting directions and using medicines correctly.
  • Assess baseline knowledge of tobacco information, and review the dangers associated with all forms of tobacco use.
  • Understand the relationship between positive health behaviors and the prevention of injury, illness, and other health problems.
  • Analyze the impact of tobacco on society, and practice avoiding negative pressures to try tobacco, stimulants, and other drugs.
  • Learn ways to reduce risks related to the health problems of adolescents.
  • Recognize current trends in alcohol use, and identify influences on alcohol abuse among youth.
  • Recognize the dangers of alcohol and other depressants, and identify reliable resources for getting help, including assistance for chemical addiction.
  • Develop effective prevention and resistance skills for avoiding alcohol and other drugs.
  • Identify influences on inhalant use among young people, including reasons for increased use.
  • Heighten student awareness the adverse health effects and other consequences of inhalant use.
  • Develop and initiate a plan for preventing inhalant use.
  • Identify intravenous drugs and narcotics, and recognize the benefits and dangers associated with these drugs.
  • Analyze risks and consequences associated with illegal use or abuse of these drugs.
  • Understand the relationship between positive health behaviors and the prevention of injury, illness, and other health problems.
  • Develop effective strategies for counteracting the harmful effects of negative influences.
  • Avoid negative behaviors and consequences by promoting personal responsibility.
  • Assume responsibility for developing positive alternatives to drug use.
  • Grade 8
  • Assess knowledge and attitudes about drug use and determine what factors influence drug related decisions and behaviors.
  • Distinguish between drug use, misuse, and abuse.
  • Analyze trends and attitudes related to drug use and prevention.
  • Identify and analyze common influences which young people face.
  • Recognize and avoid negative influences and situations which can lead to drug use.
  • Recognize the adverse consequences of all forms of tobacco use, and review important dangers associated with tobacco use.
  • Identify adverse health effects associated with all forms of tobacco use.
  • Practice skills for resisting and avoiding negative pressures and other temptations to use tobacco.
  • Analyze the adverse consequences of alcohol and other drug use, including the impact on physical, psychological, and social health.
  • Develop effective prevention and resistance strategies for avoiding alcohol and other drugs.
  • Identify the steps of the decision-making process, and practice making decisions which promote personal health.
  • Develop effective resistance strategies and prevention skills, including positive alternatives to drug use.
  • High School
  • Introduce the drug prevention component and assess students' baseline knowledge.
  • Involve parents in the drug component and assist in improving communication about drugs.
  • Evaluate current trends in drug use.
  • Analyze the various influences impacting drug use.
  • Develop strategies for reversing current drug-use trends.
  • Describe the benefits of medicines and recognize common medicine terms.
  • Distinguish between drug use, misuse, and abuse.
  • Recognize potentially dangerous situations when using medicines.
  • Identify and analyze current trends in tobacco use.
  • Identify the adverse health effects of all tobacco products.
  • Recognize the negative impact of tobacco use on family, friends, and others.
  • Demonstrate effective skills for resisting and reducing tobacco use among young people.
  • Analyze current trends and attitudes about alcohol.
  • Demonstrate current understanding of alcohol and its effects on the human body.
  • Analyze the profile of an alcoholic and recognize symptoms and characteristics of people with alcohol dependence.
  • Analyze the far-reaching impact of alcohol abuse on the individual, family members, and society.
  • Demonstrate the necessary skills for resisting influences to use alcohol.
  • Recognize the dangers of marijuana and practice resisting pressure to use marijuana.
  • Recognize the serious and immediate dangers of steroid use and practice prevention skills.
  • Recognize the dangers of all illegal drugs and prevent use of all illegal drugs.
  • Growth and Development
    Kindergarten
  • Recognize variations in growth patterns.
  • Recognize that each individual is unique and special, and adapt group activities to include others.
  • Appreciate the wonders of human life and the capabilities of the human body.
  • Appreciate different forms of new life.
  • Illustrate various developmental stages, spanning several years of growth, including newborn to school age.
  • Illustrate healthy choices and behaviors which promote healthy growth and development.
  • Practice making healthy choices.
  • Grade 1
  • Use physical activity to introduce some of the major body organs.
  • Identify the location and basic function of the major body organs.
  • Identify the five senses and practice positive behaviors that protect the senses.
  • Cooperate in regular health screening.
  • Identify important health care providers and their roles in promoting and maintaining health.
  • Identify the many different changes occurring in personal growth patterns.
  • Illustrate healthy growth and foster pride for all levels of growth and development.
  • Illustrate the importance of cleanliness and personal hygiene.
  • Promote personal hygiene at home.
  • Enhance student understanding of the life cycle.
  • Appreciate the importance of each phase of the life cycle and illustrate specific roles and responsibilities which accompany certain stages.
  • Grade 2
  • Describe the cycle of growth in humans and other animal species.
  • Identify the basic structures and functions of the skeletal system and appreciate the important role of the skeletal system.
  • Identify and practice behaviors that protect and the promote a healthy skeletal system.
  • Practice good hygiene and other health-promoting behaviors.
  • Accept and respect differences among peers.
  • Grade 3
  • Demonstrate understanding of the concepts of growth and development.
  • Identify specific changes they have gone through over the last year.
  • Appreciate the many wonders of the human body.
  • Review major body organs and their functions.
  • Discuss with parents the importance of taking good care of our bodies.
  • Adapt group activities to include a variety of individuals.
  • Appreciate the complexities of the Digestive System.
  • Demonstrate healthful choices that promote the health of the digestive system.
  • Illustrate the important roles of the heart and lungs.
  • Identify basic structures and functions of the respiratory system.
  • Grade 4
  • Appreciate different rates of growth and development, and to make this period of growth and transition a positive experience.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of individual differences, and develop a realistic body image.
  • Examine common changes and concerns which accompany pre-adolescence.
  • Assess current baseline knowledge of the circulatory system.
  • Identify the basic structures of the circulatory system and the functions of each.
  • Review the basic structures and functions of the circulatory system with family members.
  • Identify and practice heart-healthy choices.
  • Distinguish between healthy and unhealthy heart choices.
  • Identify, select, and prepare heart-healthy snacks.
  • Identify and participate in physical activities which promote heart health.
  • Grade 5
  • Recognize similarities and differences throughout the life cycle.
  • Accept body images and appreciate the wide range of normalcy during adolescence.
  • Appreciate qualities and characteristics of all people.
  • Discuss gender roles and stereotyping.
  • Address common questions and concerns about puberty, including sexual development of boys and girls.
  • Identify the basic structures and functions of the reproductive system, including fertilization, conception and fetal development.
  • Recognize the need for good personal hygiene.
  • Communicate with their parents about adolescent changes.
  • Assess baseline knowledge of the nervous system.
  • Identify basic structures and functions of the nervous system.
  • Identify and describe basic disorders of the nervous system.
  • Grade 6
  • Explore the topic of human growth and development, and review basic information about the different body systems.
  • Assess baseline understanding of the body systems and explore fun facts related to these vital organ systems.
  • Review the body systems, and present strategies for protecting and optimizing the health of each system, including protecting the body from potentially dangerous situations and negative influences.
  • Recognize and appreciate the differences in body types and maturation levels, and to develop a realistic body image.
  • Practice good personal hygiene, paying particular attention to the changing needs of adolescents.
  • Recognize and appreciate the differences in body types and maturation levels, and to develop a realistic body image.
  • Illustrate the importance of accepting individual differences, and developing a realistic body image.
  • Understand the changes, feelings, and responsibilities accompanying puberty and adolescence.
  • Develop a solid understanding of the structure and function of the reproductive system.
  • Develop and practice using effective communication skills to discuss issues related to puberty and reproduction.
  • Grade 7
  • Appreciate the role of a healthy digestive system for promoting health.
  • Identify the structures and functions of the digestive system.
  • Recognize behaviors that promote a healthy digestive system.
  • Develop and use effective communication skills, including the ability to discuss with parents questions on sexuality.
  • Assess baseline knowledge of the reproductive system.
  • Identify the structures and functions of the reproductive system.
  • Practice good personal hygiene, paying particular attention to the changing needs of adolescents.
  • Explain the physiologic process of conception.
  • Identify the impact of adolescent changes on self-image.
  • Accept the wide range of new emotions as normal.
  • Recognize the important role of sexual identity in human growth and development.
  • Understand the risks of being sexually active and practice behaviors consistent with the decision to abstain from sexual activity.
  • Grade 8
  • Critically analyze each body system.
  • Identify and explain the structures and functions of the reproductive system.
  • Understand the physiological process of conception and birth, and recognize the awesome responsibility of becoming a parent.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of individual differences and practice good personal hygiene.
  • Define human sexuality and explore the various components which contribute to a healthier sense of sexuality.
  • Identify various influences on sexual identity and counteract and avoid negative pressures and influences.
  • Develop and use effective communication skills, including the ability to discuss sexually-related issues and concerns with parents.
  • Identify appropriate ways to express and show affection.
  • Critically analyze various pressures and influences related to dating and sexual activity.
  • Practice behaviors that support the decision to remain sexually abstinent.
  • High School
  • Assess students' baseline knowledge of the different body systems.
  • Critically analyze each body system in depth.
  • Identify and describe the structures and functions of the reproductive system in detail.
  • Analyze the impact of changing roles and attitudes on sexual identity.
  • Define and discuss various sexual orientations, and to develop a respect for differences.
  • Define intimacy and distinguish between casual and intimate relationships.
  • Critically analyze characteristics of an ideal partner.
  • Identify and accept personal responsibility for behaviors and the consequences of those behaviors.
  • Recognize accurate and complete information about preventing pregnancy and STDs.
  • Demonstrate their ability to resist media and social influences to be sexually active.
  • Disease Prevention
    Kindergarten
  • Introduce the concept of disease.
  • Describe the importance of disease prevention behaviors.
  • Illustrate ways of keeping clean.
  • Identify and practice good dental hygiene.
  • Describe what germs look like and where they can be found.
  • Identify different ways that germs spread.
  • Practice preventing the spread of germs.
  • Recognize when and where to get help when sick.
  • Grade 1
  • Identify germs, where they are found, and how they are spread.
  • Illustrate how germs are spread.
  • Practice preventing the spread of germs.
  • Recognize when and where to get help when sick.
  • Grade 2
  • Formulate a realistic concept of disease.
  • Identify various causes of disease.
  • Identify various health care providers and their roles in preventing and treating illness.
  • Practice personal behaviors which prevent disease and promote well-being.
  • Reinforce positive health behaviors at home.
  • Grade 3
  • Define illness and know why illnesses should be detected and treated early.
  • Identify common childhood illnesses and recognize their symptoms.
  • Discuss these common illnesses with parents and identify ways to help prevent the illness or speed recovery.
  • Review the definition of germs and how they are spread.
  • Identify and practice good personal hygiene to prevent the spread of germs.
  • Provide accurate information about HIV transmission.
  • Eliminate unwarranted fears about HIV/AIDS.
  • Grade 4
  • Take inventory of personal behaviors, and explore the effects of behavior on health.
  • Demonstrate the importance of good personal hygiene habits.
  • Practice responsible and healthy behaviors.
  • Reinforce health-promoting behaviors at home.
  • Explore the basic structures and functions of the immune system and identify common illnesses and their symptoms.
  • Distinguish between communicable and non-communicable diseases.
  • Identify ways that germs are spread, and practice skills for avoiding and preventing disease.
  • Seek reliable advice and information from parents about important disease prevention concepts.
  • Identify ways that HIV/AIDS is and is not transmitted.
  • Demonstrate care and concern for people dealing with chronic illness, including HIV/AIDS.
  • Review HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and skills with parents.
  • Grade 5
  • Recognize health as an important value and understand why health problems should be detected and treated early.
  • Reinforce the concept of disease.
  • Review the structures and functions of the immune system.
  • Distinguish between communicable and non-communicable diseases and identify common communicable diseases.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of disease prevention concepts.
  • Assess baseline knowledge of HIV/AIDS.
  • Recognize accurate information about HIV infection and AIDS.
  • Develop understanding and compassion for people with HIV/AIDS.
  • Discuss with parents some common questions about HIV/AIDS.
  • Grade 6
  • Know the importance of assuming responsibility for personal health behaviors.
  • Practice positive health behaviors and encourage others to become involved in health promotion efforts in and out of school.
  • Develop a personal action plan for the prevention and early detection of disease.
  • Identify microorganisms and other vectors that increase the risk of disease.
  • Identify ways that germs are spread, and practice skills for avoiding and preventing disease.
  • Explore the body’s defenses against disease, including the important functions of the immune system.
  • Assess baseline knowledge of HIV/AIDS, and discuss feelings and concerns related to AIDS.
  • Dispel common myths related to HIV/AIDS, and improve communication about AIDS and other illnesses.
  • Demonstrate effective skills for preventing the spread of disease, including avoiding high risk behaviors which lead to HIV infection.
  • Grade 7
  • Recognize common teen illnesses and symptoms, and practice positive health behaviors to reduce the risk of disease.
  • Identify lifestyle behaviors which contribute to the leading causes of death in the United States.
  • Identify effective strategies for preventing illness.
  • Assess current understanding of HIV/AIDS, and dispel common myths about HIV/AIDS.
  • Develop understanding and compassion for people with HIV and AIDS.
  • Grade 8
  • Appreciate the relationship between personal behavior and health.
  • Identify common illnesses and their symptoms.
  • Identify and practice positive health behaviors to reduce the risk of disease.
  • Identify the leading causes of death in the United States, and recognize that many of these diseases are largely preventable.
  • Identify risk factors associated with heart disease, and practice heart-healthy behaviors.
  • Identify the risk factors for cancer and practice health-promoting behaviors for preventing certain cancers.
  • Identify common STDs, how they spread, and eliminate common myths.
  • Eliminate any remaining myths associated with HIV and AIDS, and identify the facts about the origin and spread of HIV.
  • Assess adverse social and physical impact of HIV/AIDS in the United States and worldwide.
  • Demonstrate the ability to recognize and resist high-risk behavior for HIV transmission.
  • High School
  • Introduce the topic of cancer, and discuss myths and fears associated with cancer.
  • Identify the etiology of cancer, and the risk factors associated with cancer.
  • Recognize the warning signs for cancer, and practice prevention measures, including screening, and self-examination.
  • Appreciate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in the United States.
  • Review the basic structures and functions of the cardiovascular system.
  • Identify common cardiovascular diseases, and the risk factors associated with these diseases.
  • Identify high risk behaviors associated with cardiovascular disease, and practice heart-healthy behavior.
  • Review the basic structures and functions of the immune system.
  • Recognize common sexually transmitted diseases and how they are spread.
  •  Practice the skills necessary for preventing STDs.
  • Introduce the topic of HIV/AIDS, and assess students' current knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors associated with HIV infection and AIDS.
  • Review the facts about HIV infection and AIDS in depth.
  • Appreciate the broad impact of HIV/AIDS both in the United States and abroad.
  • Critically analyze roles in coping with and controlling the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
  • Recognize high risk behaviors for the transmission of HIV.
  • Demonstrate their ability to recognize and resist high-risk behaviors for HIV transmission.
  • Conflict Resolution, Bullying and Violence Prevention
  • NOTE: Objectives for Conflict Resolution, Bullying and Violence Prevention are incorporated into other topic areas—such as Family Life, Stress Management, and Safety
  • Kindergarten
  • Identify and share feelings in appropriate ways.
  • Avoid self-destructive behaviors and practice self-control.
  • Demonstrate acceptable actions towards others.
  • Illustrate the importance of accepting responsibility for one's actions.
  • Practice skills which demonstrate being kind and considerate of others.
  • Practice accepting and respecting others.
  • Practice a positive view of differences and accepting diversity with family members.
  • Recognize situations and actions that lead to conflict and discuss effective ways to resolve problems.
  • Practice resolving conflicts in non-violent ways.
  • Grade 1
  • Demonstrate ways to communicate respect for self and others.
  • Demonstrate acceptable actions towards others.
  • Avoid self-destructive behaviors and practice self-control.
  • Identify the importance of solving problems before they become fights.
  • Identify and practice conflict resolution skills.
  • Practice positive actions towards family and friends.
  • Illustrate the importance of sharing our many differences and learning from one another’s differences.
  • Learn and use appropriate ways to make new friends.
  • Recognize the importance of personal privacy, and distinguish between good and bad touch.
  • Develop and use communication skills to tell others when touching is unwanted.
  • Identify and practice strategies for refusing and resisting negative pressures.
  • Grade 2
  • Know various ways of communicating care and consideration of others.
  • Recognize how to use positive communication skills when expressing needs, wants, and feelings.
  • Identify and share feelings in appropriate ways.
  • Identify important qualities of friends.
  • Identify various ways of communication care and consideration of others.
  • Know the skills needed to be a good friend.
  • Practice making new friends.
  • Recognize problematic situations and identify resources for dealing with problems.
  • Resolve conflicts in a positive, constructive way.
  • Identify potentially dangerous and abusive situations.
  • Practice communication skills, including refusal and assertiveness skills, when touching is unwanted.
  • Review the basic decision making steps and practice using these steps in making good decisions.
  • Accept and respect differences among peers.
  • Grade 3
  • Know the skills needed to be a responsible friend.
  • Recognize important qualities of a true friend.
  • Demonstrate effective communication skills.
  • Demonstrate acceptable actions towards others.
  • Practice giving constructive criticism.
  • Identify a wide variety of emotions and demonstrate the ability to express emotions in acceptable ways.
  • Recognize the dangers of weapons to self and others.
  • Interact safely with strangers.
  • Know strategies for avoiding threatening or abusive situations.
  • Know how to apply the decision making process to health issues and problems.
  • Practice refusal and resistance skills.
  • Adapt group activities to include a variety of individuals.
  • Grade 4
  • Know various ways to communicate care, consideration and acceptance of self and others.
  • Understand the relationship between verbal and nonverbal communication.
  • Demonstrate polite, positive, and productive ways of communicating with family members.
  • Know nonviolent, positive behaviors for resolving conflict.
  • Illustrate the importance of healthy relationships, including family relationships and friendships.
  • Identify important qualities of friendship, and practice making new friends.
  • Demonstrate the skills needed to be a responsible friend.
  • Share friendship skills with parents and other family members.
  • Recognize and reduce common causes of conflict.
  • Recognize the benefits of resolving conflict in a nonviolent way.
  • Practice resolving conflicts using peaceful methods.
  • Share important conflict resolution skills at home.
  • Practice safe and responsible behavior.
  • Practice effective prevention skills.
  • Identify and apply the steps of the decision making process.
  • Grade 5
  • Demonstrate ways to show respect for others in their daily lives.
  • Identify characteristics of different groups and appreciate the importance of belonging to a group.
  • Exhibit attentive listening skills.
  • Identify important qualities to look for in friends.
  • Demonstrate communication skills for making new friends.
  • Assess current knowledge of stress and conflict resolution.
  • Illustrate the role of conflict in stress and identify common conflicts among young people.
  • Illustrate the role of prejudice in conflict and stress.
  • Initiate dialogue between parents and students about common conflicts, such as prejudice and bullying.
  • Illustrate the importance of developing strong conflict resolution skills.
  • Practice conflict resolution skills.
  • Illustrate social problems which often lead to conflict and discrimination.
  • Introduce the topic of sexual assault and address questions related to sexual assault.
  • Distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate touch and develop the skills for avoiding personal harm.
  • Recognize the number of people killed each year by firearms, and identify safety rules for guns and other weapons.
  • Appreciate qualities and characteristics of all people.
  • Discuss gender roles and stereotyping.
  • Grade 6
  • Understand emotional and social health risks caused by prejudice in the community.
  • Explore different methods of communicating.
  • Identify effective methods of communicating, and learn about personal communication styles.
  • Develop and use effective communication skills.
  • Practice expressing emotions and feelings in appropriate ways.
  • Identify common sources of adolescent conflict.
  • Identify and analyze common methods used to resolve conflict.
  • Demonstrate students' ability to resolve conflicts peacefully.
  • Identify common causes of stress, and recognize personal patterns for handling stress, particularly among young adolescents.
  • Recognize common causes of conflict among adolescents.
  • Develop strategies for identifying potential conflicts and preventing situations that escalate into violence.
  • Demonstrate skills for resolving conflict in peaceful and productive ways.
  • Identify solutions to youth and school violence.
  • Heighten student awareness of personal boundaries.
  • Recognize and avoid situations that can increase the risk for abuse, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse.
  • Develop and practice appropriate skills for avoiding and preventing dangerous situations.
  • Grade 7
  • Demonstrate acceptable means of gaining attention.
  • Learn ways to work cooperatively with others to advocate for healthy individuals and families.
  • Develop and practice effective communication and interpersonal skills.
  • Practice expressing emotions in appropriate ways.
  • Define conflict and recognize conflict as a major cause of stress.
  • Recognize the most common ways people respond to conflict and identify the most successful method.
  • Identify and practice safe, effective measures for resolving conflict.
  • Distinguish between normal and severs depression, and recognize that some levels of depression are normal.
  • Identify the warning signs of depression.
  • Recognize the warning signs of suicide and learn how to get help for someone who is potentially suicidal.
  • Define violence and identify violence as a serious problem in the United States.
  • Identify the many different forms of violence and the various ways youth are exposed to violence.
  • Recognize how messages from the media and other sources influence behavior and perception of violence.
  • Accept anger as a natural emotion and learn to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy ways of dealing with anger.
  • Recognize the role of prejudice and discrimination in violence.
  • Identify common triggers to anger, and learn how to manage these triggers.
  • Recognize the dangers of handguns and learn handgun violence prevention methods.
  • Recognize and avoid situations that can increase the risk of abuse.
  • Identify basic procedures that can reduce the risk of accidents.
  • Develop and use effective communication skills, including the ability to discuss with parents questions on sexuality.
  • Grade 8
  • Recognize the relationship between identifying and expressing emotions, and good communication.
  • Distinguish between behaviors which enhance or block effective communication.
  • Demonstrate students’ ability to manage stress using the decision-making model.
  • Identify and practice effective coping skills for managing stress.
  • Demonstrate skills for cultivating positive peer relationships.
  • Recognize the prevalence of violence within our society.
  • Recognize the relationship between real and media violence and analyze the impact of media violence on behavior.
  • Recognize prejudice and discrimination as major factors contributing to violence.
  • Identify and practice ways of accepting diversity.
  • Illustrate common causes of conflict.
  • Appreciate the impact of all forms of violence on the individual, family, and society.
  • Practice avoiding and resolving conflicts using effective communication skills.
  • Practice violence prevention skills related to anger, sexual assault, and weapon safety.
  • Identify various influences on sexual identity and counteract and avoid negative pressures and influences.
  • Develop and use effective communication skills, including the ability to discuss sexually-related issues and concerns with parents.
  • Identify appropriate ways to express and show affection.
  • High School
  • Demonstrate the ability to effectively interact with many different people, including males and females, and people of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds.
  • Distinguish between effective and ineffective reactions to stress.
  • Contrast effective and ineffective methods of managing stress.
  • Develop the necessary skills for effectively managing stress.
  • Demonstrate their skills for successfully managing stress.
  • Distinguish between normal and abnormal depression.
  • Recognize the risk factors and warning signs of suicide.
  • Recognize the warning signs of suicide and develop the skills necessary for preventing suicide.
  • Recognize the many forms of violence and the prevalence of each form.
  • Review various forms of violence and appreciate the role of feelings, such as anger, in violence.
  • Assess methods of dealing with conflict and handling emotions felt during conflict.
  • Recognize all forms of sexual abuse as violent acts which constitute criminal behavior.
  • Analyze the various influences impacting violent behavior.
  • Appreciate the consequences of violence and recognize anger and other feelings which lead to violence.
  • Identify potentially dangerous situations, and practice effective skills for preventing sexual harassment and assault.
  • Demonstrate important social skills effectively dealing with conflict and violence prevention.
  • Analyze the impact of changing roles and attitudes on sexual identity.
  • Define and discuss various sexual orientations, and to develop a respect for differences.
  • Identify and accept personal responsibility for behaviors and the consequences of those behaviors.
  • Community and Environmental Health
    Kindergarten
  • Promote an appreciation and respect for nature, and explore different parts of the environment.
  • Identify different types of pollution, and recognize the effects of pollution on living things.
  • Appreciate the importance of protecting and preserving the community and environment.
  • Create a healthy habitat for one of nature’s creatures.
  • Grade 2
  • Develop an awareness of how the community and environment impact health.
  • Identify common problems found in the community and the environment, and develop solutions to the problems.
  • Demonstrate how to promote positive health practices within the school.
  • Share their community and school projects with the community and parents.
  • Demonstrate how to promote positive health practices within the school.
  • Grade 4
  • Illustrate the interdependence among living things and their environments.
  • Illustrate the amount of garbage humans produce and explore ways to work together to recycle reusable waste.
  • Identify and analyze common environmental and community health problems.
  • Assume personal responsibility for improving the community and environment.
  • Grade 6
  • Understand the relationship between the environment and personal health.
  • Identify the school as an important part of the community and assess the strength of their school community.
  • Participate in community efforts to address local health and environmental issues.
  • Identify and access services and resources available within the community.
  • Understand and follow school health policies and regulations.
  • Contribute to the strengthening of health-related policies in the school and community.
  • Grade 7
  • Analyze ways in which improving the environment can enhance physical, mental, and social health.
  • Participate in community efforts to address local health and environmental issues.
  • Convey accurate health information and ideas to individuals and groups.
  • Work with others to promote a safe and healthy school community.
  • High School
  • Identify community and environmental factors that influence the health and safety of individuals and communities.
  • Assess personal commitment to community health issues and promote personal responsibility for community involvement.
  • Initiate, participate, and involve others in health promotion efforts that help to improve the health of the school community.
  • Participate in community and environmental health programs through community projects.
  • Evaluate and access services and resources available within the community.
  • Address local health and environmental issues, and encourage others to become involved in these health-promoting efforts.
  • Heighten student awareness of and foster personal responsibility for a healthy global community.
  • If you would prefer to see our Scope and Sequence organized by grade download the following pdf.

    Scope and Sequence By Grade Scope and Sequence By Grade (87 KB)

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